Flood History Location Points (see
yellow numbering on map above... click to enlarge);
L1 - Wooyung Flood
Outlet still closed at 1979. Flood
outlet aerial photos taken in 2005.
L2 - North Ocean Shores Flood
Outlet closed 1976.
L3 - South Golden Beach Flood
Outlet closed 1954.
L4 - New Brighton Flood
Outlet closed 1997.
L5 - Reading’s
Bay Rock Wall built 1970’s. Professor Warners
Report on siltation behind rock walls.
L6 - Billinudgel Main
Street … high level flooding 2005, 2017.
L7 - Ocean
Shores homes flooded 2005, 2017.
L8 - Levee
Bank at South Golden Beach built 1989 & Flood Pumps installed
L9 - Kallaroo Bund. Culverts
added in 2008.
L10 - Helen St Footbridge
built on flood plain in 2010.
L11 - North Ocean Shores Sport
Field (Soccer) built on flood plain in 2016.
L12 - Former site of Sheltering
Palms Hamlet 1974.
My name is Jim Mangleson and have been a resident of
Byron Shire since 1972.
I have researched and documented man made changes to the floodplain
from Wooyung to Brunswick Heads since 1887.
research has uncovered drastic changes to the natural drainage system
and liability for the flooding by both Government and Local Government
Agencies as well as Rutile miners in the late 50’s.
I am the only foundation Community representative of the original Marshalls
Creek Flood Plain Management Plan Committee that has been running now
for over 40 years. more info
Summary Story: click
are the ‘man-made’ obstructions in the timeline of events
from Wooyung to
1887 - Survey
map of Wooyung showing natural outlet to ocean. (L1)
1900 - Crabbes
Creek Drainage Trust district map showing the cane drain lines into
1947 - Wooyung
outlet photo compared to 1887 survey map and 1900 district map.
There were natural outlets at North
Ocean Shores & Wooyung. Developers were ordered by Council to
close the North Ocean Shores outlet in 1976.
1951 - Floating
Dredge for sand mining in outlet at Wooyung. (L1)
1954 - Pre
development photo of Golden Beach showing 2
outlets to Marshalls Creek including location at Helen Street. (L3)
1958 - Aerial photo shows Helen
Street Outlet being closed. Note: Beach Terraces now being destroyed
by escaping floodwaters between Golden Beach and New Brighton (L3)
1972 - Aerial photo of the Wooyung
outlet. It was closed after the Sand Miners removed their dredge
from the outlet. (photo used in the North Byron Shire Flood Survey 2018)
1972 - PWD Report admits effect at Sheltering
Palms was “Dramatic” Cylone Daisy.
Brighton -1972 Daisy flood happening and the floodwaters breaking through
the sand dunes, – just north of New Brighton! At this time, our
family lived at Casons Road (as we knew it, not Lane), New Brighton.
About an inch for floodwaters to be flooding our home. Later, to my
AMAZEMENT, looking out the kitchen window – saw the floodwaters
flowing NORTH (total change of DIRECTION) – and with speed. WHAT
HAS HAPPENED was my wonder? By the time myself and our 2 children (as
my husband was out helping) were able to leave our home and the water
was gone from the road, we headed for ‘the action’ –
crowds of people walking NORTH to see what was happening! To our shock,
wonder, amazement, AWE, - what did we see .... ROARING RAPIDS ... WIDE,
MASSIVE, RAPIDS ROARING OUT INTO THE OCEAN! We were just ‘numb’
with the awesomeness of what we were witnessing! A BREATHTAKING SIGHT!!
Roared out to sea for hours – just north of New Brighton! This
has not been recorded in the high flood/cyclone events. WHAT A SIGHT
That break-through saved many a home from being flooded that day in
the event of cyclone Daisy!!
Jillian Spring, Billinudgel. October 2019”
1972 - Newspaper
article confirming at the peak, the flood broke through beach terraces
and escaped into the sea.
1974 - Flood Outlets at North
Ocean Shores still open. The outlets were closed
1974 - Flood March Cyclone Wanda. Canefields drain through
Ocean Shores flood outlet and canal because rutile miners filled in
Wooyung outlet. (L1, L2, L9)
1974 - Sheltering
1976 - July BSC orders developers to close flood
1976 - September Council accepts
liability for flood increase by ordering
1976 - Developers fill
in outlet after Council accepts liability. (L2)
1978 - Council begin
beach scraping to fill in erosion and old flood outlets through
the frontal dunes.
1979 - Wooyung
1982 - Deputy Premier warns
Council of their liability and the area will flood.
1984 - Public Works Dept engineer warns
Council's Flood Consultants if outlet is blocked it will raise flood
levels by 1.5 m and it should be resolved as a matter of priority.
1985 - BSC letter to developer acknowledging
numerous warnings from Government over breach of DA conditions and
bond held by them for construction.
1986 - Council stripped of planning
powers. Jim Waugh appointed administrator.
1986 - Waugh appoints Engineer
Frank Cranston to check Deed of Agreement for Ocean Shores and warns
Council of their liability. Censored
report given to public deleting that liability and previous warnings.
1987 - Mothers Day Flood with severe flooding and no
bund at Kallaroo Circuit . Council refuse to re-open outlet after
urgent request from SES wardens. (L2) See
video opposite Channel Nine News. Tweed cane fields drain though
canals no Kallaroo
Circuit bund in place. (L9)
1987 - South Golden Beach Progress Association flood
1987 - photo of flood outlet
still closed (L2), flood
levels higher at New Brighton.
1988 - Marshalls Creek Preliminary Study of Bed Sediments
& Stability (Robin
F Warner report for Webb, McKeown and Associates October 1988) Note:
No 5 - more
effective flood drainage.
1988 - South Golden Beach flood
1988 - Council
admits SGB levee (L8) will raise flood
heights outside the levee if built higher than 2.68 Metres AHD and residents
outside the levee will object to increase in flood heights caused by
the levee and also on page 2 of the report higher protection can only
be achieved by dredging of Marshall's Creek.
1990 - Letter from Council confirming bridge
must be built at Kallaroo Circuit and bond still held for its construction.
1991 - Alderson confirms outlet would now make a
“significant” difference in flood heights. Email
from Alderson confirming figures (L2)
1992 - Flood
Committee expresses concern at impartiality of consultants appointed
to do Flood Study briefing environmental organization before meeting
Committee members and the opposition to a Council member opposed to
dredging being on the Committee.
1992 - Council
build Community Centre hall on site of old
flood outlet at Golden Beach. (L3)
1995 - Byron Shire Election Poll
newspaper article to
open outlets and dredge river & creeks.
1997 - Council
adopts plan which states flood heights cannot be reduced despite
1991 letter from Alderson stating "significant difference"
in lowering flood levels.
2001 - Letter
from Don Page MP Member for Ballina asked the Minister to consider
a public inquiry into the Marshalls Creek Flood Plain costings &
2001 - Call for an inquiry
into flood management in the north of the shire.
2005 - Major flood (June 30 see
SGB video) and cane fields suffer because bund now restricts
flow through to canal and flood water overflows into Golden Beach causing
major damage again. Insurance companies refuse
2006 - Cane farmers begin legal
action against Byron Shire Council.
2006 - Byron
Shire News article on the $1.3M Flood Management Plan.
2008 - Tweed Council enlarges
culverts in bund at a cost of $713,000. (L9)
2009 July - New Joint Study between Tweed and Byron
Councils. Summary clearly identifies common link of natural connections
in the common floodplain despite claims from Committee green activist
2010 - Council builds footbridge
with pylon supports in canal at a cost of $904,000 (original quote $80,000).
2016 - Council fills in High Hazard Flood Liable land
at North Ocean Shores to construct
soccer field. (L11)
2016 - Council ignores warning from Flood Consultants
(BMT WBM) Golden Beach will flood even in a minor event if there is
a failure of the pump
2016 - New
Flood Plain Study by WMA Water undertaken by Byron Council. Plan
area now omits the common area of Billinudgel Creek and old outlet ordered
closed by Council. Both Councils TWEED AND BYRON have now allowed natural
outlets to the Ocean to be closed.
2016 September - Foundation member of Flood Plain Committee
Jim Mangleson representing the largest population base in the Shire
now not re-elected to Flood Plain Committee and Ocean Shores has no
Committee members residing in Ocean Shores.
- Cyclone Debbie Rain Event March. New
2017 - Billinudgel
floods higher than ever (L6). Pumps
fail behind levee banks (L8) at Golden
Beach and insurance refused for residents.
2017 - Readings Bay internal walls with constricted
minature outlet at western end.
2017 - Government does
not declare area a “Natural” disaster.
2018 - New Consultants WMA Water undertake extensive
Community Survey in 2018.
2018 September - ECHO
reports huge community anger at response to survey from residents
for not carrying out remedial flooding measures of reopening the Flood
outlet ordered closed by Council in 1976, Dredging Marshalls Creek,
Remove internal rock wall in Readings Bay which is blocking the only
remaining natural outlet to the ocean.
2018 September - Council NOTES only the Report and
one sitting Councillor casts doubts on Community response as do several
Green Committee members who do not reside in the flooded North.
2019 - Letter from Col Loomes Surveyor - click
2020 February - Council calls for response from Community to
2020 - OSCA
Flood Letter & Submission Objection responses.
and Photo FACTS
Foundation Community Representative of the
Marshall's Creek Flood Plain Management Committee
FACTS Researched by
Frank Mills OAM
Former Byron Shire Councillor
Former Chairman of OSCA Inc.
Committee Representative for BV Historical Society
Representative on the Abi Group - Member of the Heritage Management
Definition of TRUTH: (Pocket Macquarie Dictionary)
something which is true or actual: to tell the truth.
2. agreement with fact or reality: the truth of a statement
3. an indisputable fact, principle, etc: mathematical truths
4. genuiness, reality, or actual existence.
5. honesty or integrity.
6. in truth, in fact, in reality; truly.